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    1. Alex465 is offline

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      #1

      Importance of Packaging - Product Safety during Transportation

      Hello all,

      I am a newbie to the import/export business. Can someone explain the importance of packaging in transportation?
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    2. MissWholesale's Avatar
      MissWholesale is offline

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      #2
      Hi Alex,

      Welcome to Wholesale Forum

      You will hopefully find the following information about packaging relevant to answering your doubts and questions:

      Importance of Packaging

      Packaging not only safeguards from wear and tear during transportation, it also stands at the heart of an efficient logistics system. Packaging is what makes handling, warehousing/storing, information management, transit as well as inventory management function effectively and smoothly.

      Different Packaging Needs for Different Products

      Each and every class of material needs a different type of packaging to ensure that it reaches its destination in its original state. Materials that are hazardous need to be stored or packaged securely to avoid leaks and accidents during transport. The type of packaging also depends on the nature of the material being transported (solid, liquid or gas). Foods or eatables are also handled differently. While ready to eat products are packed into boxes and plastics, others such as vegetables and meat or fish are stored into special temperature-maintained compartments depending on the period of their transportation and expected time to consumption.

      Packaging also depends largely on the vulnerability of the product. While robust products can be stored inside ordinary packaging, fragile products require extra and firm packing. The worth of a product is also a driving factor that determines the kind of packaging that should be used, as well as the type of transport to minimise the chances of theft and compensation in case of damage.

      Innovation in Packaging

      Today the use of polythene / plastic for packaging is increasing steadily, despite being one the worst biodegradable materials. The reason behind this is the versatility of plastic, which allows it to be used for packing almost anything. Plastic is currently cheap, durable, strong, flexible, and can be transformed practically into anything.

      Solid foam came into use in the late 20th century for packaging electronic gadgets, TVs, furniture, glass and anything with sharp edges. The low density of these foams makes them extremely useful as thermal insulators, and their compressibility and lightness makes them ideal for packaging materials and stuffing. Moreover, foams can be customised to fit precisely the shape of the product being shipped.

      A wide range of metals have also contributed to evolutions in packaging. After wood, metal and steel were the first substitute materials to be used for safe packing and transportation. Further innovation led to the use of tin and aluminium. Glass is also used as container.

      Apart from these, there are other innovative products such as “dry ice”, used as a cooling agent when extremely low temperatures are required. Dry ice freezes at -109.3F or -78.5C, and keeps everything frozen within the container until it sublimates completely. Even after sublimation, the frozen items remain intact for some time until the temperature rises above 0C. Dry ice should not be touched with bare hands, and extra caution has to be taken while handling it, since it causes frostbite when in direct contact with the skin.

      Types of Packaging Products
      • Boxes: Corrugated boxes, gift boxes, jewellery boxes, bin boxes, bakery boxes and more.
      • Protective Paper: Kraft paper, tissue wrap, chipboard sheets, and various other protective paper supplies.
      • Bags: Polythene bags, Ziploc bags, paper bags, jute bags, cellophane bags and more.
      • Shipping Envelopes: Bubble envelopes, padded envelopes, padded mailers, bubble mailers, etc.
      • Labels: Label dispensers, shipping/address labels, fragile/caution labels, and other labelling articles.
      • Tapes: Packing Tape, filament tape, masking tape, barricade tape, day/night barricade tape, tape dispensers & more.
      • Bubble Wrap & Foam: Bubble wrap bags, bubble wrap rolls, packing peanuts, customised foams & other packaging/cushioning supplies.
      • CD & DVD Packaging: CD/DVD packaging, and other media packaging supplies.
      • Food Packaging: Plastic food containers, Styrofoam cups & aluminium food containers.
      • Mailing Tubes: Mailing and shipping tubes of different shapes and sizes.
      • Stretch/Shrink/Poly: Stretch film, shrink film, poly tubing, shrink wrap bags and other package wrapping products.
      Factors That Affect the Cost of Packaging

      The cost of packaging solutions depends on several factors such as:
      • Nature of content
      • Size of packaging
      • Type of packaging materials used
      • Storage requirements
      • Shipping requirements
      • Mode and method of transportation
      • Labeling requirements
      Best Practices for Packaging:
      • Easily readable information labeling
      • Implementing Advance Shipping Notification (ASN) procedures
      • Implementing vendor compliance protocol
      • Cross-docking directly to shipping
      • Hiring a permanent vendor compliance manager
      • Implementing automated data collection technology
      • Well-planned stock picking process
      • Recording the movement every product as a separate transaction
      • Precise zoning of warehousing operations
      • Implementing print and label systems
      • Implementing dynamic slotting systems
      • Implementing a definite policy for returns
      • Constantly revising the entire distribution chain
      • Implementing an continuous cycle count protocol
      Government Guidelines for Transportation of Hazardous Products

      Transportation of hazardous materials within the UK
      • Only appropriately registered carriers should be used for the transportation of hazardous substances.
      • After selecting a contractor, it is necessary to identify the chemical according to its UN number (the International System for Identifying Hazardous Substances)
      • Categorise the chemical in accordance to the hazard and the appropriate packaging group
      • After classifying, the product should be packaged as per its 'Packaging Group'
      • Ensure that the packaging is leak proof
      • The material should be properly labelled according to the Materials Safety Data Sheet
      • The carrier must carry a Transport Emergency Card (TREMCARD) along
      • Also there are some guidelines for the approved weight and timing according to which the material has to be transported
      Transportation of hazardous materials overseas
      • Only appropriately registered carriers should be used for the transportation of hazardous substances
      • The carrier must be aware of the International agreements on the transportation of hazardous materials in particular countries as well as the legal requirements there
      • Written evidence should be acquired to show that the carrier company is authorised to ship the product
      • The packaging should be leak proof
      For further information on safe transportation of hazardous materials visit:
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    3. Thank you for this post:

      daophamno1 (27 Jun 2015)

    4. experience is offline

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      #3
      Hi Alex,

      The main consideration is safe transport to the destination. If you want to be sure that the goods will arrive undamaged they must be protected. I have seen parcels being dropped from the hold of a 747 straight onto the tarmac.

      Not many transport workers will do that, but you must appreciate that shipping is not gentle.
      To learn safe overseas sourcing and how to buy small (or large) quantities at best prices see→ http://provenchinasourcing.comLearn to find genuine manufacturers and negotiate small orders at prices way below what wholesalers charge. Written after my health enforced retirement and provides insider information from veteran with experience exporting 1978-1987 importing since 1987 Learn to import the easy way

    5. ravinosullivan is offline

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      #4
      Hello Alex,

      It really depends on whether you will be using LCL or FCL and also what are you hoping to import. If it is clothing I guess you should not have any issues but anything else you need to be very careful. Usually when you deal with overseas companies. They should make sure that the goods are safe on board the vessel.

      Hope this helps.

      Regards

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